0720 GMT February 25, 2020
Radiocarbon dating found the manuscript to be at least 1,370 years old, making it among the earliest in existence.
The pages of the Muslim holy text had remained unrecognized in the university library for almost a century.
The British Library's expert on such manuscripts, Dr Muhammad Isa Waley, said this ‘exciting discovery’ would make Muslims ‘rejoice’.
The manuscript had been kept with a collection of other Middle Eastern books and documents, without being identified as one of the oldest fragments of the Koran in the world.
When a PhD researcher looked more closely at these pages it was decided to carry out a radiocarbon dating test and the results were ‘startling’.
The university's director of special collections, Susan Worrall, said researchers had not expected "in our wildest dreams" that it would be so old.
"Finding out we had one of the oldest fragments of the Koran in the whole world has been fantastically exciting.”
The tests, carried out by the Oxford University Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, showed that the fragments, written on sheep or goat skin, were among the very oldest surviving texts of the Koran.
These tests provide a range of dates, showing that, with a probability of more than 95 percent, the parchment was from between 568 and 645.
"They could well take us back to within a few years of the actual founding of Islam," said David Thomas, the university's professor of Christianity and Islam.
"According to Muslim tradition, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received the revelations that form the Qur’an, the scripture of Islam, between the years 610 and 632, the year of his death.”
Prof Thomas says the dating of the Birmingham folios would mean it was quite possible that the person who had written them would have been alive at the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
"The person who actually wrote it could well have known the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He would have seen him probably, he would maybe have heard him preach. He may have known him personally," he said.
Prof Thomas says that some of the passages of the Qur’an were written down on parchment, stone, palm leaves and the shoulder blades of camels and a final version, collected in book form, was completed in about 650.
He says that "the parts of the Qur’an that are written on this parchment can, with a degree of confidence, be dated to less than two decades after Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) passed away”.
The manuscript, written in ‘Hijazi script’, an early form of written Arabic, becomes one of the oldest known fragments of the Quran.