The key tripartite summit in Azerbaijan’s capital Baku ended on Monday. On the sidelines of the summit, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Russian President Vladimir Putin held talks on bilateral ties, as well as regional and international developments.
This was the eighth meeting between the two leaders in the last three years.
It seems that the ongoing regional and trans-regional developments attached considerable importance to the meeting.
Some of these developments are discussed below:
1- Policies adopted by the West, particularly the United States towards Russia have provoked confrontations and while juxtaposed with NATO's military buildup near Russia's border, have triggered a new cold war.
2- Developments in the Middle East, particularly in Syria have not delivered the expectations of the West and the US. Meanwhile, a strategic alliance between Tehran and Moscow has impacted regional developments. They are currently involved in strategic military cooperation in Syria.
3- The ongoing situation in Turkey has created divergence in the US-led coalition in the Middles East. Turkey's rapprochement with Russia has also paved the way for changing equations in the region.
4- The Daesh terrorist group has suffered serious defeats in recent months. This has raised concerns that the terrorists may flee to the Caucasus region and Central Asia to continue their terrorist attacks there.
5- The West has imposed economic sanctions on Russia over Moscow's alleged role in the Ukraine crisis. The consequences of these sanctions and the collapse in oil prices have pushed Moscow to boost its ties with countries such as Iran.
6- The post-sanctions era has provided potentials and opportunities for countries that are willing to cooperate with Tehran in political, economic, scientific and cultural fields. The outlook has also turned the spotlight on the strategic and geopolitical situation of Iran. Russia does not want to be deprived of such advantages.
7- The Kremlin is exploring ways to boost its status in the regional and global era. Hence it can not turn a blind eye to the influential clout of Iran in the region.
Undoubtedly, the above-mentioned comments have pushed Russia and Iran to boost bilateral ties.
The two sides are interested in cooperation on combating terrorism and extremism in the Middle East and Central Asia.
Hence, Tehran and Moscow will enhance their defensive cooperation.
Iran, Russia economic cooperation
Iran and Russia have singed agreements in fields such as air and rail transport, mutual investment and the facilitation of visa issuance.
Russia has said that the construction of the second and the third power-generating units for the Bushehr-2 nuclear power plant in Iran (NPP) may begin in 2016.
The two nations also want to construct the International North-South Transport Corridor (NSTC) — a multi-model route to link India and the Middle East to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe.
These are among effective measures the two nations have taken to boost their ties.
Nowadays, the improvement of infrastructures and the existence of legal grounds have paved the way for Tehran and Moscow to establish long-term trade and economic ties.