News ID: 167783
Published: 0136 GMT August 29, 2016

How the Big Bang created future of Universe

How the Big Bang created future of  Universe

A mysterious effect at the start of the Big Bang propelled the universe and all within it through time, a new theory has claimed.

The explosion was so powerful it incorporated the ‘T violation’ — the effect which is essentially responsible for the origin of time evolution and causes everything to travel into the future, reported.

Associate Professor Joan Vaccaro, of Griffith's Center for Quantum Dynamics, developed the groundbreaking theory.

She said: "I begin by breaking the rules of physics, which is rather bold I have to admit, but I wanted to understand time better and conventional physics can't do that.

"I do get conventional physics in the end though. This means that the rules I break are not fundamental.

“It also means that I can see why the universe has those rules. And I can also see why the universe advances in time.

"If T violation wasn't involved we wouldn't advance in time and we'd be stuck at the Big Bang, so this shows how we escaped the Big Bang.

"I found the mechanism that forces us to go to the future, the reason why you get old and the reason why we advance in time.

"The universe must be symmetric in time and space overall.

“But we know that there appears to be a preferred direction in time because we are incessantly getting older not younger.”

To solve the anomaly, Dr. Vaccaro took into consideration the direction of time and mesons — a hadron particle that decay differently if the direction of time was reversed.

She added: "Conventional physical theories can accommodate only one direction of time and one kind of meson behavior, and so they are asymmetric in this regard.

“But the problem is that the universe cannot be asymmetric overall.

"This means that physical theories must be symmetric in time. To be symmetric in time they would need to accommodate both directions of time and both meson behaviors.

“This is the anomaly in physics that I am attempting to solve.”

Without T violation, an object like a cup, for example, could be placed in time in the same way it can be placed on a table — it would just be there, and conversely not be there as time goes on.

Vaccaro continued: "It just exists at one place in space and one point in time. There is nothing unusual about being at one place in space, but existing at one point in time means the object would come into existence only at that point in time and then disappear immediately.

"This means that conservation of matter would be violated. It also means that there would be no evolution in time.

“People would only exist for a single point in time — they would not experience a ‘flow of time’.

"The cup is now found at any and every time.

"This means that the theory now has conservation of matter — the conservation has emerged from the theory rather than being assumed.

“Moreover, objects change over time, cups chip and break, and people would grow old and experience a ‘flow of time’.”

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