0837 GMT November 21, 2019
The nuclear agreement, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was signed following efforts by seven countries in line with the promotion of international peace and security, Rouhani said in a meeting with Russia's special envoy on Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, in Tehran on Saturday.
“No country must be allowed to carry out a measure based on its own desires to weaken the agreement,” the Iranian president said.
He urged all countries to safeguard the achievements of the JCPOA.
“Iran has always remained and will remain committed to its international obligations (under the JCPOA) and the P5+1 members must fully fulfill their commitments so that the JCPOA would remain in place,” Rouhani pointed out.
He made the remarks in reaction to the US Senate vote to extend the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) for 10 years.
The US Senate passed the ISA 99-0 on Thursday after it easily cleared the House of Representatives last month.
The ISA was first adopted in 1996 to punish investments in Iran over its nuclear program.
Iran has vowed to take "appropriate measures" against the ISA extension, saying it violated the JCPOA terms.
The top Iranian nuclear official, Ali Akbar Salehi, who played a leading role in concluding the nuclear deal, said on Friday that the US move was a “blatant violation” of the JCPOA.
Salehi, who is the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, added that the Islamic Republic was fully prepared to respond to the US Senate's decision to extend the ISA but would act wisely and with prudence.
Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council – the United States, France, Britain, China and Russia – plus Germany started to implement the JCPOA on January 16.
Under the JCPOA, Iran undertook to put limitations on its nuclear program in exchange for the removal of nuclear-related bans imposed against Tehran.
Need for Iran-Russia close anti-terror fight
Rouhani also said terrorism poses a serious threat to the region and the entire world and stressed the importance of improving close cooperation between Iran and Russia in the fight against the malicious phenomenon.
“There is good cooperation and consultation between Tehran and Moscow in this field, which would continue until the achievement of the ultimate goal, which is to uproot terrorism and establish total peace and stability in the region,” the Iranian president added.
He emphasized that the Syrian crisis can be solved through political negotiations, respect for the people’s will and the maintenance of the country’s territorial integrity.
Iran and Russia are Syria’s main allies and have been assisting the government in Damascus in its fight against foreign-backed terrorist groups, including the Daesh Takfiri terrorists.
Elsewhere in his remarks, Rouhani commended growing cooperation between Iran and Russia on mutual, regional and international issues.
He said the two countries’ cooperation on mutual issues will undoubtedly serve the interests of the two nations and contribute to regional peace and stability.
Russia’s clear-cut stance on JCPOA
The Russian diplomat, for his part, said his country has a clear-cut stance on the JCPOA, emphasizing that there is no reason to weaken the agreement.
He also called for the development of bilateral cooperation on regional and international developments.