0946 GMT November 20, 2019
There are two strategies with regard to the Syria crisis.
The first strategy favors a cease-fire and a stabilized situation in the Arab nation which should later be followed up by political reforms and national elections.
The second strategy seeks regime change instead of establishing a truce.
Iran is pursuing the first strategy, which has been highlighted since Russia and some other countries followed suit.
The United States and its European and regional allies placed the second strategy on the agenda.
They established a so-called coalition against Daesh terrorists. However, it was, in fact, a coalition against the Syrian government, rather than Daesh.
Years after the inception of the Syria crisis, the countries that have been seeking to oust Syrian President Bashar Assad have had to change their policy.
Some nations insisted that Assad must be removed from power as the first pre-condition for holding talks over the conflict in the war-torn nation.
Nonetheless, a meeting between the Syrian government and the opposition was held in Kazakhstan’s capital, Astana, to discuss ways of establishing a permanent truce in the Arab nation.
Irrespective of the results of the meeting, facts on the ground indicate that the first strategy, backed by Iran, overshadowed the peace talks despite attempts by certain Western media to underestimate Tehran’s role in the negotiations.
All sides involved in the Syria crisis have realized that resuming stability must be a prelude to political reforms.
The Islamic Republic has always stressed that the only solution to the Syria crisis is political talks rather than military means.
Tehran says it continues to support future negotiations in a bid to end bloodshed in the region.
Meanwhile, the Syrian government, which has gained major victories against foreign-backed militants by liberating the flashpoint city of Aleppo, insists that Iran’s strategy aimed at creating peace and stability must be followed.
Although Damascus has the upper hand in Syria, it continues to comply with last month’s truce.
The participation of the representatives of the Syrian government in the Astana talks conveyed the message that Damascus is making efforts to further encourage intra-Syrian talks. It also seeks to pave the ground for political participation of all groups in the country except those branded as terrorists.