According to Okaz and Saudi Gazette newspapers, the appeals judges on Wednesday overturned an earlier decision by the Mecca Criminal Court that it had no jurisdiction over allegations of "safety breaches."
In late January, the court had decided to drop the cases, saying it had no jurisdiction to rule on the matter.
About a dozen defendants had gone on trial over accusations of negligence, ignoring safety guidelines and damaging public property. The defendants included at least one Saudi "billionaire" and nationals of Pakistan, the Philippines, Canada and several Arab countries.
The construction giant Saudi Binladin Group was penalized over the deadly incident. The group was founded decades ago by the father of terrorist group al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, who was allegedly killed by US commandos in Pakistan in 2011.
On September 11, 2015, a huge construction crane collapsed into Mecca’s Grand Mosque, killing more than 100 pilgrims and injuring over 200 others in the lead-up to the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
The figures released by Iran’s Hajj and Pilgrimage Organization showed that 11 Iranian pilgrims were among the victims while another 32 Iranians were wounded in the crane crash.
About two weeks after the crane crash, a fatal human crush occurred during Hajj rituals in Mina, near Mecca. Unofficial sources put the death toll at almost 7,000 people. Iran said about 465 of its nationals lost their lives in the incident.
Days into the crush, Riyadh gave a death toll of 770, and has so far obstinately refrained from updating that figure despite the fact that figures produced by independent sources strongly contradict Saudi Arabia's estimate.
Observers say the kingdom fears that releasing the real figure will be a clear sign of its catastrophic mismanagement of Hajj rituals.