0418 GMT April 19, 2019
Deterioration is a problem. Materials age, and the environment contributes its share of wear and tear. In some cases there may also be a problem of inadequate maintenance, according to techxplore.com.
In the US alone, here are some American Society of Civil Engineers notes. The US has 614,387 bridges, almost four in 10 of which are 50 years or older.
56,007 — 9.1 percent — of the nation's bridges were structurally deficient in 2016, and on average there were 188 million trips across a structurally deficient bridge each day.
A robot helper has been designed to help check bridge conditions.
A four-wheeled robot has been created to check bridges for dangerous defects.
The robot helper has potential to be a cost-effective, accurate way of detecting problems.
The University of Nevada, Reno team designed the robot to inspect conditions such as corrosion.
They authored a paper, which is on arXiv. ‘Autonomous Robotic System using Non-Destructive Evaluation Methods for Bridge Deck Inspection’ described their work.
The authors made the point that bridge deck condition assessment is the most important part for bridge health maintenance; that is what the robot sets out to do.
The authors wrote that the system was capable of performing real-time, cost-effective bridge deck inspection and is comprised of a mechanical robot design and machine learning and pattern recognition methods for automated steel rebar picking to provide realtime condition maps of the corrosive deck environments.
Reasons to focus on a robot helper for bridge-condition assessments are clear when considering scenarios involving human efforts.
Alice Klein, the co-founder, editor and CEO of Toronto, Ontario, Canada's longest-running free alternative newsweekly, said, "Surveying a bridge used to involve drilling into the road to check the concrete and steel structures underneath.
“Although radar has simplified the work since the 1980s, sending out teams of people to check bridges is still expensive and can require extended road closures.
"Human inspections aren't immune to error either."
The wheeled robot can shuffle back and forth in the course of its mission.
The Daily Mail wrote, “To collect data, the robot has to move from one end of the bridge to the other, turning around and continuing its movement, until the entire bridge deck is covered.”
The technology used in its back and forth movements are ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity (ER) sensors, and a camera for data collection.
The robot is designed to locate any corroded steel parts or deteriorating concrete.
The experts said their robot provides realtime condition maps of the corrosive deck environments. Colors are used to describe conditions.
How does that happen?
A machine-learning algorithm converts the readings in real time into a color-coded map of the bridge, highlighting any areas of weakness.
The results are sent to human inspectors, who can keep tabs on the robot as it does its rounds.
Reports pointed out that among its advantages is that the robot can move along the narrow deck without disrupting traffic.
The authors said that they used the Seekur Jr. mobile robot, a waterproof platform, suitable for this kind of bridge inspection task. The Omron Adept site carries details about this robot.
The authors added, "With a smaller form, the Seekur Jr. robot can manage to move in narrower environments."
How did the researchers test the robot's capabilities? They carried out tests on the robot on four road bridges in Nevada, New Hampshire, Maine and Montana.
So will this develop into realtime robot inspectors replacing humans?
A professor in Queensland University of Technology in Australia Tommy Chan said that cost-effectiveness will depend on how the robot compares with other technologies such as sensors built into bridges themselves.
He thinks robots should be a complementary technology for bridge inspections.
"Human experience is precious so, at least for now, I don't see robots replacing humans altogether. But robots do cut out human error so we should definitely consider them as a way to help."