0417 GMT November 19, 2019
Mortality rate among those suffering sleep disorders is four times higher than ordinary people, said secretary of Sixth International Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery Congress.
Babak Saedi told Iran Daily that currently sleep disorders and related diseases are considered common worldwide.
He said sleep disorders can lead to cancer risk, diabetes, blood pressure, road mishaps, strokes and heart attacks.
On snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), he said the body is tranquil during sleep; the muscles of jaw, face and tongue relax and partial cessation of breathing occurs. Sometimes it is severe and leads to snoring, he added.
When the body doesn’t receive enough oxygen due to OSA, it has to conduct the air to the lung by exerting more energy on the respiratory muscles, leading to snoring, he said. If this condition continues, numerous problems such as blood pressure and stroke will occur, he added.
On the impacts of OSA on children, he said sleep apnea exerts pressures on muscles, jaws and face — having negative effects on child’s facial structure and bone formation.
Pointing to surgical treatment of OSA, he said that 70 percent of the problem can be resolved through surgery in jaw, tongue or nose.
On the role of hormones in sleep disorders, he said female hormones play a proactive role in sleep disorders, but male hormone intensify the disorders.
He said the nose is one of the most common target of plastic surgeries in Iran. Unfortunately, some unnecessary surgeries on the nose damage its texture and have negative impact on breathing, he cautioned.
Nose is not only an airway, it prevents the entry of pollutants to the body, he said.
Saedi continued that Iran can manufacture surgical navigation system to assist the surgeon in determining the distance of surgery site from vital organs.
Surgeons used to start from upper part of skull or beneath the jaw to have access to the skull base, he said, adding currently, the work is done via nasal endoscopy.
The latest scientific developments regarding rhinology will be discussed during the upcoming congress, he said.
In addition to Iranian professors and specialists, guests from the US, the UK, South Korea, Hungary, Italy and France will take part in the three-day event, he added.
Sixth International Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery Congress will be held at Tehran’s Razi International Convention from November 22 to 24.