0716 GMT September 24, 2018
The preliminary findings of a joint nutrition assessment conducted in late October at Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar show that severe acute malnutrition rates among child refugees under five have doubled since May, while nearly half of young children are also underweight and suffering from anaemia, The Guardian reported.
The figures — already above international emergency levels — are likely to increase, warned aid agencies, since the assessment surveyed only 10 percent of the population in need, and included families who had arrived before as well as after violence erupted in Rakhine state in August.
Once data is taken solely from new arrivals, malnutrition — and with it the risk of diarrhoea, dysentery, respiratory infections and measles — is expected to increase.
“The conditions we are seeing in Cox’s Bazar create a perfect storm for a public health crisis on an unimaginable scale,” said Cat Mahony, emergency response director in Cox’s Bazar for the International Rescue Committee.
“These shocking figures substantiate the IRC’s own findings on worrying food insecurity: Three in four do not have enough food, and 95 percent of the population are drinking contaminated water. This is especially serious, as agencies report that two-thirds of the water in Cox’s Bazar is contaminated with feces.”
Malnutrition rates among children in northern Rakhine state were above emergency thresholds even before the recent exodus. But severe acute malnutrition has increased tenfold since last year, according to the joint assessment by Save the Children, IRC partner Action Against Hunger and UNICEF. Conditions have worsened due to acute food and water shortages and unsanitary living quarters in Kutupalong camp, which is home to roughly 26,000 refugees.
More than 600,000 Rohingya men, women, and children have crossed the border from Myanmar to Cox’s Bazaar since August. These families joined an estimated 212,000 Rohingya previously living in Bangladesh. The IRC expects an additional 200,000 new arrivals in the weeks ahead, pushing the total refugee population to more than one million.
Severe acute malnutrition can affect anyone but, if left untreated, children under five are up to nine times more likely to die than a well-nourished child.
New arrivals are often forced to set up camp far from the main road where food and medical distribution centers are located, said Save the Children’s Rik Goverde, leaving many refugees facing a long walk simply to get one meal a day.
“Malnutrition is rampant here, absolutely rampant, even among the adults,” said Goverde, speaking by phone from Kutupalong camp.
“Two men just came into the clinic weighing 32kg and 34kg. This hasn’t happened overnight — they have been hungry for a very long time and they are exhausted.”
New arrivals are required to register for an identity card in order to qualify for food distribution, Goverde said, which can take a few days to arrive. Many adults and children are consequently obliged to walk for hours into the forest, where they cut firewood in order to sell it and buy food.