0830 GMT April 20, 2019
Food scientists have successfully created a new type of sausage that has a reduced cancer risk, according to independent.co.uk.
In collaboration with Spanish chemists, British food manufacturers Finnebrogue claim to have produced the world’s first sausage that doesn’t include nitrites from vegetables or curing agents.
Current guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO) states that processed meats like sausage, when cured with nitrites, is in the same category as asbestos and smoking because nitrites produce carcinogenic nitrosamines when ingested.
The WHO has estimated that 34,000 bowel and colon cancer deaths per year worldwide are a result of diets high in processed meats — and they warn that eating two rashers of nitrite-cured sausage per day increases the risk of contracting bowel cancer by 18 percent.
The reason nitrites are usually added to cured meat is to give it its characteristic pink color and texture, as well as provide flavor and also act as a preservative.
But Finnebrogue said that by using a unique blend of Mediterranean spice extracts, following 10 years of research and development, they have been able to create sausage that tastes as good as the meat we all know and love, but without the health risks.
The Independent’s Health Correspondent, Alex Matthews-King, explained, “Sausage-stoked cancer fears hit a fever pitch in 2015 after the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) reclassified it, and other processed meats, as a Group I carcinogen — ‘cancerous to humans’.
“The IARC, the cancer research wing of the WHO, identified an association between people who ate lots of red and processed meats and an increased risk of colorectal and stomach cancers.
“It is worth noting that while sausage is in the same category as cigarettes that does not mean it increases risk by the same amount.
“The IARC flagged preservatives, like sodium nitrite, used to cure these meats as a major culprit.
“These chemicals prevent bacteria growth and give sausage its texture and taste.
“But throughout the curing, digestion and cooking processes, these nitrites convert into nitrosamine compounds, chemicals which have been shown to cause cancer in a variety of animals and humans.
“A change in meat-curing regulations in the 1920s in America cut nitrite levels in food and coincided with a significant drop in gastric cancer deaths.
“Nitrates and nitrites naturally occur in high levels in plants — and many other sources — and some sausage-makers use a vegetable celery broth, which is also high in nitrates, as a curing agent.
“An explainer on the IARC guidance by doctors at Harvard School of Public Health says these plant-based nitrate sources should be thought of in the same way as nitrate additives.
“A spokesperson for Finnebrogue explained to The Independent that it used another chemical to prevent bacteria growth [Prosur’s nitrite replacement] and its own blend of ‘natural Mediterranean fruit and spice extracts’ to produce the texture and taste of sausage.
“Neither the spokesperson, nor additional information provided on the product, set out what these extracts are.”
Most people would agree that one of life’s greatest pleasures is waking up to the smell of bacon frying in a pan, but sadly we know that it isn’t the most nourishing food and so shouldn’t be eating it every day.
That doesn’t stop British people eating 159 million kilograms of sausage every year, though, which is worth almost £1billion in retail sales.