0217 GMT April 25, 2019
Iran’s Deputy Energy Minister Rahim Meidani has told Tasnim News Agency this year’s drought is unprecedented in the past 50 years.
Noting that there has been no good rainfall in the current Iranian calendar year, he said the situation in provinces located in arid and semi-arid areas such as Markazi, Qom, Semnan, Tehran, Alborz, and Isfahan provinces is way different than winters of few years ago, IPF reported.
The official also said that in provinces like Chaharmahal-Bakhtiari, Lorestan, Hamadan and Kurdistan where good rainfall was expected, the precipitation rate declined dramatically.
“Precipitation was only normal in Ardabil and Golestan provinces,” he added.
Meidani also mentioned that if this continues, the ministry will have problems in the field of power generation from hydroelectric power plants at the summer peak.
A 56-percent decrease
According to Iran Meteorological Organization, Iran has experienced a 56-percent decrease in average precipitation over the period from September 23 to December 25 compared to the same period in the long run.
Moreover, nearly 96 percent of Iran’s total area is suffering from different levels of prolonged drought.
One of the largest salt lakes in the world and classified as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, Lake Orumieh in the northwest of Iran also has lost more than 90 percent of its surface over the last two decades due to drought and the damming of rivers feeding it.
Many blame climate change and dam construction for this environmental disaster.