1154 GMT December 17, 2018
"We will insist that all the parties remain committed to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for Iran’s nuclear program," he said. "Its failure is fraught with very negative and hard-to-predict consequences for the entire non-proliferation system and the entire world order," the Russian top diplomat added.
The JCPOA, signed in Vienna in the summer of 2015, involves Iran and the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council – Russia, the United States, China, the United Kingdom, France and Germany, TASS reported.
Under the accord, Iran undertook to apply certain limits to its nuclear program in exchange for the termination of all nuclear-related sanctions against Tehran.
After Iran implemented its obligations, which was verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), then-US president Barack Obama lifted sanctions imposed on Tehran over its nuclear activities. At the same time, other restrictions, including those concerning ballistic missiles, remained in place.
On October 13, 2017, incumbent US President Donald Trump announced a new strategy towards Iran, stipulating that Washington would seek to make changes in the JCPOA in order to curb what he claims Iran’s "destabilizing influence." Trump refused to certify the agreement on January 13.
The US president recently said that Washington would withdraw from the JCPOA unless "the deal’s disastrous flaws" were fixed. Trump noted that he was "waiving the application of certain nuclear sanctions, but only in order to secure our European allies’ agreement to fix the terrible flaws of the Iran nuclear deal."