0212 GMT October 23, 2018
The protests, held in Budapest and several other cities, are unlikely to prompt the newly elected government to change course, but they reflect the deep divisions in this Central European country that has been at the forefront of a regional drift away from liberal Western values, nytimes.com wrote.
“Democracy is just inconceivable without the rule of law and free media,” said one protester, Levente Biro, 24. “We’ll march as long as needed.”
The demonstrations came a week after Mr. Orban and his Fidesz party secured a convincing victory in national elections, their power seemingly on the ascent. The political opposition is in disarray, civil society is under attack and the news media is almost fully under the control of the state.
Before the election, Mr. Orban promised that he would get even with all those who opposed him. “We will seek moral, legal and political recourse after the elections,” Mr. Orban told supporters.
So when a pro-government magazine, Figyelo, published a list of 200 Orban critics on Thursday, it was viewed as an ominous sign that he intended to make good on his threat.
The magazine labeled the people on the list — which included journalists and advocates at nongovernmental organizations — as “mercenaries” who were working to bring down the government. Many of them, it said, were under the command of the billionaire George Soros.
Mr. Orban viciously attacked Mr. Soros throughout the campaign, and linked him to a central campaign tactic: stoking fear of immigrants and refugees, especially those from Muslim countries.
Having won two-thirds of the seats in the Parliament — and with it, the ability to change the Constitution — Mr. Orban has promised to introduce a series of bills, labeled “Stop Soros” legislation, that would allow the government to penalize organizations supporting migrants.
The list published this past week also included a number of academics who teach at the Central European University in Budapest, which was founded by Mr. Soros.
In a statement, the university’s president, Michael Ignatieff, said that the list was “a flagrant attempt at intimidation that is dangerous for academic freedom and therefore for all of Hungarian academic life.”
The entire staffs of several nongovernmental organizations — including the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union, Amnesty International’s Hungarian section and the Hungarian Helsinki Committee — were also named on the Figyelo list.
Mr. Orban and his party have tried to link the billionaire philanthropist George Soros to all manner of perceived ills. Here, a campaign poster featured Mr. Soros with opposition party leaders and the slogan, “Stop Soros Candidates!” Credit Akos Stiller for The New York Times
The groups have vowed to carry on with their work.
“During its eight years in power, the government had already made it very clear that it values its own interests above the rule of law and democratic values, human rights and the Constitution,” the Helsinki committee said in a statement after the election.
At Saturday’s rally in Budapest, the crowd played off the nationalist themes of Mr. Orban and his allies. “We are the mercenaries,” read one sign, as people in the crowd sang the European Union anthem and waved EU and Hungarian flags.
The steady takeover of the Hungarian state by Mr. Orban has alarmed many members of the European Union, but the bloc has failed to stop Hungary’s drift from democracy despite threats of sanctions.
A draft report issued by the European Parliament on Thursday accused Hungary of undermining the independence of the judiciary, freedom of expression, and the rights of migrants and minorities. The report recommended the suspension of its voting rights, among other penalties.
But it is unlikely that sanctions will come to pass because they require a unanimous vote among member nations. Hungary and Poland, whose governing party has openly emulated Mr. Orban’s tactics, have vowed to protect each other from being penalized.
For now, the biggest threat to Mr. Orban’s party might be Hungary’s own citizens. While he secured a sweeping victory in the elections, which observers said were free but not completely fair, he still lost some 50 percent of the vote.
Ors Lanyi, 21, a student who had voted for the first time, was dismayed by a process that allowed a party that drew about half the vote to hold such sway in Parliament.
“I don’t want a one-party regime,” said Mr. Lanyi, who helped organize Saturday’s protest. “Obviously we need a new opposition — the one we have got reduced to nothing after those elections.”