News ID: 213365
Published: 0649 GMT April 17, 2018

Sepahsalar Mosque: A mixture of Persian, Ottoman architecture

Sepahsalar Mosque: A mixture of Persian, Ottoman architecture

Sepahsalar Mosque — also known as Ayatollah Motahari Mosque — is one of the oldest and biggest mosques in Tehran and one of the most prestigious Islamic monuments in Iran.

The mosque, which is accompanied by a seminary with the same name, is located at the southeastern part of Baharestan Square next to the Parliament compound in Tehran, wrote.

The mosque is a combination of sophisticated Persian architecture and that of Istanbul’s legendary mosques.

According to a Persian report by Hamshahri news website, it was built in the Qajar era, during the rule of Nasereddin Shah (1831-1896), upon the order of the then-chancellor Mirza Hassan Khan Sepahsalar (1828–1881), who had spent years in Istanbul as Iran’s ambassador.

The mosque was designed by engineer Mahdi Khan Momtahen-ol-Doleh Sheqaqi and constructed by Haj Hassan Qomi in the 19th century.

In general, the design of the building is inspired by Isfahan Jame’ Mosque, Isfahan Chaharbagh School and Hagia Sophia Mosque in Istanbul.

The building, which is 61 meters in length and 61 meters in width, has two floors with 60 rooms for its seminary students to live in.

The complex — made largely of bricks — has eight minarets, a two-story building, a roofed hall for worshipers to pray (Shabestan), a gateway, a large dome and a huge library.

Its majestic dome — modelled after Turkish mosques — and its minarets are what make this complex so unique.

The prayer hall dome, 37 meters in height, is supported by 44 columns.

Tiles with full-blown floral motifs in typically flamboyant Qajar style decorate the courtyard, while a tile inscription band gives details of the original endowment.

The library hosts more than 4,200 handwritten and about 10,000 lithographic books.


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