News ID: 215249
Published: 0714 GMT May 18, 2018

Depths of history in world’s biggest urban caravanserai

Depths of history in world’s biggest urban caravanserai

The 135-year-old Caravanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh is the world’s biggest urban caravanserai located in Qazvin.

Built during the Qajar era, the caravanserai is one of Iran’s best preserved urban caravanserais, reported.

The caravanserai was built by Baqer Sa’d al-Saltaneh with the aim of boosting trade in Qazvin.

This complex enjoys three architectural typologies including passages with small rooms to accommodate caravans, spaces for the entrance of livestock as well as water reservoirs and baths for guests.

The caravanserai — built on a square plan — has four iwans facing a courtyard. The interiors are decorated with Muqarnas and Rasmi bandi.

The chambers — rooms for the travelers — are situated one meter above the courtyard ground level. The Hashti behind the southern iwan has the largest dome, with four semi-domes adjacent to it.

The eastern-western axis of the Hashti is called Dalan-e Qeisariyeh or ‘Caesar’s Hall’, and the north-south axis of the Caravanserai’s Hashti is named Dalan-e Qahremani or ‘Qahremani Hall’. The former is connected to the ‘Bazaar of Vizir’ of the city.

There are also two smaller courtyards in the east and west of the Caravanserai.


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