1056 GMT December 15, 2018
March’s national elections in Italy delivered a hung parliament, but also left the virulently anti-immigrant Lega Nord and the radical left-wing Five Star Movement as the two parties with the most seats, The Independent wrote.
After a week of intense wrangling, the leaders of the two parties — which have sharply divergent outlooks in a host of areas — announced on Friday that they had agreed upon a common program.
“This government contract binds two political forces that are and remain alternative, to respect and achieve what they promised to citizens,” said the Five Star leader Luigi Di Maio.
Both parties ran on electoral platforms that threatened conflict with the eurozone and the EU, in areas ranging from busting national budget deficit rules, to clamping down on immigration to lifting sanctions on Russia.
The two parties will stage informal ballots of their supporters on the program over the next three days, meaning the coalition could take office early next week.
Italian 10-year borrowing costs spiked above seven percent in 2011 and 2012, threatening a fiscal crisis for Rome, as traders panicked that the single currency could be on the verge of splitting apart.
They have since come down dramatically as the European Central Bank has been heavily buying up the country’s sovereign bonds as part of its money printing program, with the country’s borrowing costs hitting a low of 1.051 percent in 2016.
On Friday, 10-year bond yields, which move in the opposite direction to prices, rose to 2.2 percent, the highest since October 2017, although the markets still seem generally unperturbed by the prospect of a Five Star-Lega Nord coalition.
The common program published online on Friday, promises a universal basic income of €780 per person per month, which it says should be part funded by the EU.
It wants “limited deficit spending” to boost GDP growth and a review of the EU’s fiscal rules.
Sanctions on Russia should be lifted immediately, its said.
However, there is no mention of a long threatened referendum on EU or eurozone membership for Italy, nor calls for the European Central Bank to cancel the portion of the country’s national debt that it owns (worth around €250bn).
Italy has had one of the worst economic performances in the rich world over the past decade, with its per capita GDP in 2017 still down 8.4 percent on the level of 2007.
The country’s GDP per capita is even below the level seen when it adopted the euro in 2000.
The country’s unemployment rate currently stands at 11 percent, down from a peak of 13.1 percent in 2014, but double the 5.8 percent low seen in 2007
Italy accounts for around 15 percent of the eurozone’s GDP, behind France and Germany. That contrasts with the 1.8 percent of Greece, the member state that was the crucible of the eurozone crisis between 2010 and 2015.
The country also accounts for just under a quarter of the sovereign debt of the currency bloc.