Paolo and Vittorio Taviani worked together throughout their careers, beginning to direct in 1954 with a series of social documentaries. Their first feature, 'A Man for Burning', was co-directed with Valentino Orsini, about a man who tries to convince Sicilian peasants to revolt against the Mafia, based on union organizer Salvatore Carnevale. It won the Italian Film Critics Award at the 1962 Venice Film Festival, hollywoodreporter.com reported.
Over the years their creative partnership grew through an exploration of new film styles in 'I Sovversivi' (1967), 'Sotto il segno dello scorpione' (1969), 'San Michele aveva un gallo' (1972), and 'Allonsanfan' (1974) with Marcello Mastroianni and Lea Massari.
But it wasn't until 1977 that they received true international acclaim, winning the Palme d'Or in Cannes with their seminal work Padre Padrone. The film tells the true life story of Gavino Ledda, the son of a Sardinia shepherd, who educated himself and escaped his violent upbringing.
The brothers have won nearly all top European awards. Their 1982 film 'The Night of the Shooting Stars' won the Grand Jury Prize in Cannes. In 1986 they were honored with a Venice career Golden Lion.
And in 2012 they won the Berlin Golden Bear for their film 'Caesar Must Die', a film about inmates at a high-security prison in Rome preparing for a production of the famous Shakespearean play 'Julius Caesar'.
The brother's last film together 'Rainbow: A Private Affair', has been picked up for US and UK streaming rights by Amazon Prime Video.
Locarno Film Festival takes place from August 1 to 11.