0129 GMT February 21, 2019
In an order on Wednesday, the Delhi High Court declared several provisions of the legislation to be unconstitutional, Reuters.com reported.
“People beg on the streets not because they wish to, but because they need to. Begging is their last resort to subsistence,” acting Chief Justice Gita Mittal and Justice Hari Shankar wrote in the 23-page order.
India has no federal law on begging and destitution. About 20 states had adopted the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959, which carries a penalty of detention of three to 10 years in so-called beggar homes.
Rights campaigners have argued that the law’s description of begging was overly broad, and that it allowed the police to detain or arrest anyone who is poor or homeless, including nomadic communities, street performers and migrant workers.
“The law against begging is one of the single most oppressive laws against poor and destitute people in a country that has no social protection net,” said Harsh Mander, a campaigner and lead petitioner in the case.
Delhi has 46,724 homeless people - among the most in India - according to the 2011 census. Rights groups say the actual figure is three times higher.
With an inadequate number of homeless shelters, thousands are forced to sleep under flyovers and on pavements, leaving them vulnerable to harassment by the police, Mander said.
In its order, the court noted that the presence of beggars is evidence that the state is failing to provide basic services to its citizens.
In order to check forced begging, the court retained provisions of the law that punish those who employ people to beg.
Activists say tens of thousands of children across India are drugged, beaten and forced to beg by traffickers who then take the money.