0220 GMT November 18, 2019
Trevor Paglen has created the sculpture Orbital Reflector, a 33-meter reflective obelisk which he now plans to launch into orbit around Earth, interestingengineering.com wrote.
The construction of the sculpture was partially fined through a crowdfunding campaign. Paglen plans to send the artwork into space as a ‘temporary satellite’. The sculpture's shiny surface will reflect the Sun's rays back to Earth making it visible to the naked eye.
$76,000 was raised via Kickstarter to help move the project forward with additional funding coming from the Nevada Museum of Art, and aerospace company Spaceflight Industries. The project's total cost is expected to be about $1.3 million.
The diamond-shaped balloon is made from polyethylene coated in titanium dioxide. It will head into space deflated and packed inside a CubeSat.
Once it reaches its destination, a carbon dioxide charge will inflate it. Paglan doesn’t yet have permission from the US Federal Communications Commission to place his CubeSat aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket which is set to be launched within the next two months.
If things go the way of some astrologists and journalists, the ballon won't even make it aboard the rocket. Critics of the project are angry by what they see as a massive contribution to space junk and light pollution. The reflections off the object might cause problems for scientific observations.
Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, told Gizmodo, said, "It's the space equivalent of someone putting a neon advertising billboard right outside your bedroom window."
The project has sparked debate about regulating what is allowed to be left behind in space.
Daniel Brown, an astrophysicist at Nottingham Trent University, told The Times, "What this calls for is a more detailed and widespread engagement of moral and ethical implications of space exploration, as well as an internationally acknowledged legislation on space and its responsible usage."
So far this year, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has dumped his own car out with the stars and New Zealand based rocket startup, Rocket Lab, left a massive disco ball in space after a recent rocket launch test.
Space pollution is a problem that many in the industry seem happy to ignore. While startups like Rocket Lab and SpaceX rush to experiment with rockets and satellite technology before heavy regulations come into play, the question of who gets to trash space must be asked.
Paglan might argue, that his project rather than contributing to the problem actually makes it visible "by transforming 'space' into 'place'.” Paglan has responded to online criticism of the project in an email to Artnet, saying: "It's incredibly unlikely that Orbital Reflector would move through the field-of-view of a telescope right in the middle of an important observation and thereby ruin the observation."
He also questioned why people were so concerned with his project when there are hundreds of satellites being launched every day.