1144 GMT January 18, 2019
Troops sent from Baghdad have reinforced police, and government offices and markets reopened after a quiet night. Municipality workers were out cleaning up the streets and carting away debris from the clashes, AP reported.
The oil-rich region and other cities in Iraq’s southern Shia heartland have been convulsed by the most serious protests in years, with residents complaining of power outages, filthy tap water and soaring unemployment.
In recent days, protesters have attacked government offices, political party headquarters and the Iranian consulate.
On Saturday, a spokesman for an alliance of powerful Shia militias, vowed to respond against “those who are carrying out acts of arson and sabotage.” The local commander, known as Abu Yasser al-Jaafari, said the lack of response thus far should not be taken as a sign of weakness.
Hours later, masked government troops in combat fatigues deployed in the city, setting up checkpoints and riding through the city center in black pickup trucks with heavy weapons mounted in the back. Security forces in Humvees deployed at intersections.
Iraq is still without a new government nearly four months after national elections in which no party won a majority. Rival parliamentary blocs each claim to have assembled a governing coalition.
Basra, once known as the “Venice of the East” because of its freshwater canals, has been hit by an acute water crisis, including rising pollution and salt water levels. The city, where temperatures often approach 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit) during the summer, has also been crippled by electricity shortages.
Iraq’s government has scrambled to meet the growing demand for public services and jobs, but has been hindered by years of endemic corruption and a financial crisis fueled by diminished oil revenues and the costly war against the Daesh terror group.
Basra is Iraq’s second-largest province and home to about 70 percent of the country’s proven oil reserves of 153.1 billion barrels. It is located on the Persian Gulf bordering Kuwait and Iran, and is Iraq’s only hub for oil exports.