Mogherini: EU continues to back Iran deal
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said Russia, Iran, Europe and China will intensify work in coming days to counter the United States’ unilateral sanctions and its efforts to undermine the 2015 nuclear deal with Tehran.
In an interview with the Rossiiskaya Gazeta, Ryabkov said Russia and the European Union have outlined an action plan to resist US sanctions against Iran.
"We have outlined a set of measures to be discussed with the Europeans,” he said. “Plus, our internal efforts are needed to get prepared to the moment when the Americans proceed to the second phase of reimposing their extraterritorial sanctions against Iran."
Ryabkov said the working sides must find formulas, means and mechanisms to react to the expected second wave in order to minimize losses from the US sanctions.
They, he said, need to find “elaborate measures to continue economic cooperation in a guaranteed and reliable way so that economic operators could see alternatives to yielding to the American dictation."
The senior diplomat said the plan is to make international companies “see that there are possibilities to continue lawful and unrestricted business in Iran and with Iranian partners."
"Our collective will and ability to create conditions for unimpeded exports of Iranian oil to external markets would be of major importance," he said.
Ryabkov also chided European companies, saying they are wrong in refusing to cooperate with Iran in the face of US pressure.
Most European firms have ignored a “Blocking Statute” reenacted by the EU to protect them against punitive American measures for trading with Iran.
Their withdrawal has undermined Europe’s wish to portray the nuclear deal with Iran as a flagship achievement of their foreign policy and a symbol of their growing strength.
In May, President Donald Trump pulled the US out of the agreement, called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), despite objection from the other signatories, the UK, Russia, Germany, China and France.
Last month, Trump installed a wave of sanctions targeting Iran's financial, automotive, aviation and metals sectors and threatened that a second wave would “ratchet up to yet another level" in November.
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said on Tuesday the bloc will continue to support the nuclear deal.
"Now, it is no secret that we have one main disagreement that concerns multilateralism and the very idea of a system for global governance. We Europeans continue to see multilateralism as the best way to prevent chaos, conflicts and confrontations in a multi-polar world," Mogherini said, addressing a plenary session of the European Parliament on EU-US relations.
"This is why we continue and we will continue to support the nuclear deal with Iran," she added.
The second wave of US sanctions is due to kick in on Nov. 4 and hit Iran's exports of oil and its derivatives as well as the country's banking sector.
Trump has pledged to bring Iran’s oil exports to zero, to which Iranian officials have responded that they will try to sell as much oil as they can and protect banking cooperation with foreign countries.
“That the US says it will zero down Iran's oil sale is baseless, although reduction in the oil sales is possible," First Vice President Es’haq Jahangiri said in Tehran on Monday.
Oil prices near $80
Oil prices have been on a rollercoaster ride since Trump’s announcement in May to squeeze Iran’s exports.
On Wednesday, prices rose as looming sanctions against Iran raised expectations of tightening supply and top producer Russia warned of a fragile global crude market.
Brent crude futures climbed 28 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $79.34 a barrel after climbing for four straight sessions, gaining 2.2 percent the previous day.
Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak said global oil markets are “fragile” due to geopolitical risk and supply disruptions and warned of the impact of US sanctions against Iran.
“This is huge uncertainty on the market – how the countries, which buy almost two million barrels per day of Iranian oil will act. The situation should be closely watched, the right decisions should be taken,” he said.
Novak touched on outages and falling production in Mexico and Venezuela, saying the fragile situation is related to the fact that not all the countries have managed to restore their market and production.
According to the Energy Information Administration, Iran produced 4.7 million barrels per day in 2017 and is the world's sixth largest oil producer.
Rallying prices have improved Iran’s oil revenues before the sanctions. Official figures released by the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) on Tuesday showed the earnings rose to $9.9 billion between March and July, up 60 percent year-on-year.
Press TV, IRNA and TASS contributed to this story.