0415 GMT January 19, 2019
"Our meta-analysis finds that vitamin D does not prevent fractures, falls, or improve bone mineral density, whether at high or low dose," said lead author Mark J. Bolland of the University of Auckland, adding that "clinical guidelines should be changed to reflect these findings."
According to newser.com, Vitamin D helps regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in our bodies. Most of our vitamin D comes from exposure to sunlight. Healthcare providers have long recommended people take vitamin D supplements for a variety of reasons, such as improving bone density in older people and ensuring sufficient vitamin D intake during fall and winter months.
The study did find that vitamin D supplements could be helpful in some rare cases, such as rickets and osteomalacia (a severe vitamin D deficiency that results in bone softening).
Not everyone is convinced by the overall finding that vitamin D supplementation is worthless.
Some have pointed out that only six percent of the trials that were analyzed were done in populations where vitamin D deficiency is an issue, thus skewing the results.
"The health benefits of vitamin D supplementation tend to be most marked in people who have the lowest vitamin D levels to start with," one medical professor said.
Also, others say, some of the trials that were analyzed had too few participants, too low of dosages of vitamin D, and short treatment periods.