0533 GMT February 23, 2020
An Iranian university student invented an instrument to facilitate the process of determining blood type.
The invention titled ‘Blood Type Determination Instrument Using Facilitated Tube Method’, by Alireza Qahremani, a PhD student in biomedical engineering at Islamic Azad University, has also been registered, IRNA reported.
Developed by a group of biomedical engineering experts and students of robotics engineering and biomedical engineering, the instrument was selected as a National Elites Foundation (of the Presidency of Islamic Republic of Iran) level three invention at a national festival for regional inventions and innovations.
Commenting on the importance of the invention, Qahremani said, “99 percent of patient’s immunity against the injection of blood and its byproducts is dependent on the recipients’ blood matching that of the donors. The slightest error in determining a patient’s blood type, will have an impact in the form of a simple allergic reaction or a lethal one. Thus, injecting blood or its byproducts into human body, like transplanting a new tissue, requires employing all safety measures, which indicates the importance of the blood type determination test.”
Listing high percentage of error and being time-consuming as the weaknesses of tube test method for determining blood type, he said his invention creates a favorable condition for technical staff of laboratories in facilitating the work.
Qahremani added this new method increases the safety of blood recipients.
The Iranian researcher said in his method, many of the earlier problems, including the probability of displacement of individuals’ tubes — which entails fatal risks, have been resolved by aggregating the three tubes used for blood samples in the type determination test into one.
He noted that this invention helps substantially improve the safety of the recipients of blood and its byproducts and reduces the time involved in the testing process as well as the number of tubes used.