News ID: 233095
Published: 0824 GMT October 21, 2018

Five scientific predictions by Hawking

Five scientific predictions by Hawking
MURDO MACLEOD/THE GUARDIAN

Following the scientific advances made by human being in the past century, the extent of future progress in a number of scientific and technological fields has always been a challenging questions for most people with many scientists having attempted to provide answers.

Among the men of science who dared to make predictions about the future levels of progress in different fields of science and technology and the consequences of humankind’s manipulation of the environment, is the late (March 14, 2018) English theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author, Stephen William Hawking.

What follows is a brief account of five of his predictions published by theguardian.com about the consequences of future progress in the fields of gene editing, artificial intelligence, space exploration, alien contact as well as manipulation of the environment — climate change:

 

Gene editing

 

In his recently published posthumous collection of articles and essays, Brief Answers to the Big Questions, Stephen Hawking forecast that genetic editing techniques will give rise to a breed of ‘superhumans’ — “a race of self-designing beings who are improving at an ever-increasing rate”.

 

Artificial intelligence

 

In 2017, the professor told Wired magazine that the AI ‘genie is out of the bottle’. He was fearful that developments in artificial intelligence will give rise to “a new form of life that will outperform humans”.

 

Space exploration

 

To ensure humanity’s survival, the theoretical physicist thought we would have to colonize other planets and solar systems.

“Spreading out may be the only thing that saves us from ourselves. I am convinced that humans need to leave Earth,” he told an audience at a Norwegian science and arts festival in 2017.

 

Climate change

 

Hawking also had concerns about climate change, which were amplified by the election of Donald Trump as president in 2016.

“Trump’s action [pulling out of the Paris agreement] could push the Earth over the brink, to become like Venus, with a temperature of 250°C and raining sulphuric acid,” Hawking told BBC News.

 

Alien contact

 

He also thought that should we make contact with extraterrestrials the outcome might not be positive. In 2010, he told the Discovery Channel: “If aliens visit us, the outcome would be much as when Columbus landed in America, which didn’t turn out well for the Native Americans.”

 

 

 

   
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Resource: theguardian.com
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