Delegations of the Syrian government and the opposition are also expected to attend, Abdrakhmanov was quoted as saying by Russia's Tass news agency on Monday, Al Jazeera reported.
He also said that the United Nations and Jordan were invited as observers.
The November talks will be the 11th conference organized by Moscow, Ankara and Tehran, including nine held in Astana.
The biggest achievement of the trio is the creation of de-escalation zones, which have reduced the level of violence in the country.
The last Moscow-led conference in the Astana format took place in Russia's southern city of Sochi in July.
Conflicts erupted in Syria back in 2011, when a small group of opposition forces took up arms against Damascus.
Soon, however, a mix of international terrorists and paid mercenaries mingled and then largely sidestepped the armed Syrian opposition groups.
But the Syrian military, with advisory military help from Iran and Russia — and a Russian aerial bombardment campaign — has retaken control of much of the country, and the conflict is generally believed to be winding down.