0652 GMT June 16, 2019
Over 20 million in Iran suffer from thyroid diseases and diabetes, which are among the most common endocrine disorders in the country, said the deputy head of the Institute for Endocrine Science (IES) in Tehran.
Shahram Alamdari told Iran Daily that thyroid diseases are very diverse, adding hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancers are the most common problems.
He added more than five million Iranians have thyroid diseases.
Commenting on the impact of iodine in preventing thyroid disease, Alamdari said iodine deficiency is among the reasons for the spread of these disorders in the country.
Climate change is to blame for thyroid diseases, he said, adding people living in mountainous areas of the country are more likely to develop thyroid problems because of iodine deficiency.
In addition, he said, soil erosion and drought in plain and desert areas as well as deforestation lead to iodine deficiency.
Alamdari noted that more than 15 million people in Iran suffer from diabetes, prediabetes and related illnesses.
وی با اشاره به آنکه سندروم متابولیک یک اختلال سوخت و ساز بدن است که دیابت در ان نقش دارد ، گفت: این سندروم با اضافه وزن و چاقی در ارتباط است .
“Diabetes plays a role in the development of metabolic syndrome which is linked with overweight and obesity.”
Elaborating on the severe side effects of diabetes, he said the disease is the most common cause of blindness and renal failure, which leads to kidney transplantation and dialysis.
“Following injuries in car accidents, diabetes is the second most common cause of foot amputation.
“It harms all body organs including heart and arteries, causing coronary artery spasm and cardiovascular diseases.”
The endocrinologist said kidney diseases are caused by a large number of factors, among which is diabetes.
“High blood sugar can lead to excess protein excretion from the kidneys as well as kidney failure. High blood pressure, per se, can damage the kidneys. If accompanied with diabetes, it can severely hurt the organ causing hematuria and renal failure, ultimately requiring treatments such as dialysis and kidney transplantation.”