1051 GMT February 19, 2019
It most often appears in children before their first birthday, but can also be diagnosed in adults for the first time, according to express.co.uk.
Eczema symptoms vary between small patches of dry skin areas, to having large, widespread patches of red, inflamed skin.
But you could prevent eczema flare-ups at home by using a thick moisturizer, said medical website WebMD.
Petroleum jelly or mineral oil work just as well, but some water-based moisturizers can’t create a strong barrier for the skin, it warned.
Consider using petroleum jelly at least twice a day to avoid eczema symptoms, it added.
Patients should also avoid drastic temperature changes, as they could make symptoms worse.
“There’s no cure for eczema, but you can do plenty of things at home to give your skin some relief,” said WebMD.
“Going from a hot room into a chilly one may cause a flare-up.
“Try to keep your home at a comfortable, consistent temperature. Low humidity can dry your skin. Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air.”
Similarly, taking long and hot shower can actually dry out the skin, and may lead to a flare-up, it added.
“Very hot water will dry your skin and make your symptoms worse. Take lukewarm showers or baths instead.
“Use mild, perfume-free soap or non-soap cleanser, and avoid bubble baths.”
After you’ve finished bathing, gently towel off excess water from the skin – do’t rub.
Use a moisturizer on the skin within three minutes. If you have a prescribed eczema cream, use that before the moisturizer.
One of the best moisturizers for the skin is coconut oil, according to the National Eczema Association.
It works by reducing the amount of staph bacteria on the skin, which could cause eczema.
Use the cream just once or twice a day to avoid eczema flare-ups.
Speak to a pharmacist if you’re worried about the signs of eczema, or for advice on the best over-the-counter treatments.