0815 GMT April 22, 2019
Ernesto Araújo – who will take office in January under president-elect Jair Bolsonaro – said the international accord was “an inappropriate instrument” to deal with the issue and nations should set their own policies, Reuters reported.
With a record 21.3 million refugees globally, the United Nations began work on the non-binding agreement after more than one million people arrived in Europe in 2015, many fleeing war in Syria and poverty in Africa.
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, which addresses issues such as how to protect migrants, integrate them and send them home, has been criticized by mostly right-wing European politicians who say it could increase immigration.
All 193 UN members except the United States agreed to its wording in July, but only 164 – including representatives of Brazil’s current administration – formally ratified it at a ceremony in Marrakesh on Monday.
“The Bolsonaro government will dissociate from the Global Compact for Migration ... an inappropriate instrument to deal with the problem,” Araújo wrote on Twitter late that same day.
“Immigration shouldn’t be treated as a global issue, but rather in accordance with the reality of each country.”
Araújo said Brazil would continue to take in refugees from neighboring Venezuela, but that “the fundamental point is restoring democracy” in that nation.
Bolsonaro, who takes office on Jan. 1, has adopted what opponents have called a harsh stance on immigration. In 2015 he was quoted as describing refugees coming to Brazil as “the scum of the earth.”
Ten countries, mostly in formerly Communist Eastern Europe, have announced they are pulling out of the UN immigration pact, and a Chilean official said over the weekend Santiago would do the same.