0604 GMT April 04, 2020
Archeological studies carried out on this historic city have shown that this port was first founded in the Sasanian era (224 A.D. to 651 A.D.). During the ninth and 10th centuries, the port of Siraf was one of the most famous ports in the Persian Gulf region, destinationiran.com wrote.
This port was also known as ‘Sirab’ (meaning ‘Not Thirsty’ in Persian) at that time.
Geographically, Siraf Port is located between a mountain range and the Persian Gulf. It is situated between the city of Kangan and Assaluyeh Port, both in Bushehr Province.
Walking through this historic port and visiting its monuments, you notice the remains of ancient buildings. Obviously, the sea tides have ruined, eroded and submerged a large number of these monuments.
The landscape of the natural scenery in Siraf Port is quite dramatic and exceptional. There are still intact regions in this area. Some of the city’s monuments are among the most attractive ones in the world in term of their architectural designs.
History, ancient civilization
According to a French archeologist, Louis Vanden Berghe, the ancient city of Siraf was inhabited by Jews in the past. The Jewish inhabitants of the port were silk merchants. Thus, the region had a large number of commercial and economic ties with countries such as Rome and Greece as well as African and East Asian states, including China.
Given the historic objects such as pottery and superb ornamental plasterwork in houses in the port, it is crystal clear, merchants in the port exchanged a large number of goods with each other.
The ancient remnants in Siraf indicate that it had been one of the most crowded ports in southern Iran and visited by many ships from the Middle East. There are ancient burials at the altitudes overlooking the hills in northern Siraf. Archeologists maintain that these holes were used for storing rainwater.
These rainwater storing ponds are rectangular and have been mounted on the slopes of the mountains in the region. When rainwater filled the pond dug at a higher altitude, it overflowed from the hole, running downward filling other ponds at lower altitudes.
On the other hand, some maintain that evidences discovered from this site show that these ponds were used for a different purpose. They held that this place was a family graveyard for various ethnic groups. Bones of the dead found in these ponds prove this.
The deep rock wells in the historic port are only a few of the ancient relics still remaining in the region. There are about 100 deep wells in the regions called ‘Dare Lir’ and ‘Shillar’ by local people, which are filled by rainwater in cold seasons. The wells, per se, are fascinating structures.
Sheikh Nasori Castle is among Siraf’s historical monuments. This castle was the residence and ruling place of a person named Sheikh Nasori in the late Qajar era (1789-1925). This structure overlooks the Persian Gulf from highlands in the port.
Siraf residents have different jobs. In addition to having sea-related jobs, the port’s local people are artists and craftsmen.
The region’s handicrafts include Golabatunduzi (embroidery done with a type of thread called Golabatun), beadwork, pottery, seashells ornaments, wicker baskets and other woodworks.
There are many reasons why the port of Siraf is known as a tangible Iranian cultural heritage worldwide. Presence of spectacular monuments as well as cultural and historical buildings in the port, all symbolizing the civilization built in the region, are evidences of the port’s significance.
The tomb of Qutb al-Din Sīrafi is among the cultural symbols in Siraf. He was a Shia Iranian scholar.
Gur-e Sibuyeh is another symbol of the ancient civilization created in Siraf. This tomb belongs to Sibuyeh, a great Persian grammarian and scholar, and his brother. Sibuyeh lived in the eighth century. His tomb is now in Dare Lir.
The Siraf Jame Mosque is among the most important cultural buildings of this port. This mosque is a monuments built in this region after the arrival of Islam in Iran.
There are numerous tourist attractions, handicrafts and historical sites in the port.
The historic port of Siraf has a great potential to become a tourist attraction spot. The above cultural and natural attractions prove this claim. Its geographic location can also add to its attraction.