0757 GMT January 21, 2020
The most important holiday in the Chinese calendar places great emphasis on family reunions, and travelers must get home by Monday to usher in the Year of the Pig the following day, AFP reported.
At Beijing Railway Station early on Wednesday, thousands were milling around in the cold, wrapped up in thick coats and wheeling their luggage.
They included a group of children with brightly colored bags emblazoned with cartoon characters, a stark contrast to the dark, wintry morning.
Readying for a 32-hour journey from Beijing to Huaihua in Hunan Province, central China, passengers kept themselves entertained on mobile phones while sipping tea from flasks.
Many who bought standing-only tickets were perched on their luggage along the aisle, or on tiny foldable stools sold on the Beijing platform. Others dozed in their cramped seats.
In the sleeper cabins there was a buzz in the air, with families chatting and sharing food and children playing along the corridors.
Rail operators expect some 413 million trips during this year's holiday season, up 8.3 percent from a year ago, the official Xinhua news agency reported.