Boochani is an asylum seeker who has been kept in purgatory on Manus Island in Papua-New Guinea for almost six years, first behind the wire of the Australian offshore detention center, and then in alternative accommodation on the island.
Now his book 'No Friend But the Mountains' — composed one text message at a time from within the detention center — has been recognized by a government from the same country that denied him access and locked him up.
It is, he said, 'a paradoxical feeling'.
"I really don't know what to say," he told Guardian Australia in a conversation before the main award was announced, when he only knew of the non-fiction prize. "I certainly did not write this book just to win an award.
"My main aim has always been for the people in Australia and around the world to understand deeply how this system has tortured innocent people on Manus and Nauru in a systematic way for almost six years. I hope this award will bring more attention to our situation, and create change, and end this barbaric policy."
Boochani speaks via text messages, because his Internet connection keeps cutting out — the same method he used to write the book, an autobiographical account of his attempt to make the journey from Indonesia to Australia and his subsequent incarceration.
Under Australia's hardline immigration policy, asylum seekers who try to reach the country by boat are processed at offshore centers.
For an asylum seeker kept in offshore detention to win such a major prize "brings enormous shame to the Australian government", he said.
Accepting the award on Boochani's behalf was his translator, Omid Tofiqian, who worked with interpreter Moones Mansoubi to translate Boochani's Persian text to English.
"You can't underestimate the impact that [this win] will have on Australian politics and Australian refugee politics — not only in Australia [but for] displaced and exiled people all over the world," Tofiqian said.
"This is one of the most vicious forms of neocolonial oppression that is taking over the world at the moment — and to address this book in this way and to recognize it and draw attention to the narrative it is presenting will have repercussions for many generations to come."
The awards are split into seven categories, which are judged by a panel. In 2017 and 2018, women won each category, and they dominated the winners’ list again this year, with Elise Valmorbida winning the fiction prize with 'The Madonna of the Mountains'; Kendall Feaver winning the drama prize for her play 'The Almighty Sometimes'; Kate Lilley winning the poetry prize for 'Tilt'; Victoria Hannan winning the $15,000 unpublished manuscript prize for 'Kokomo'; and Bri Lee winning the people's choice award for her memoir 'Eggshell Skull'.
The young adult prize was won by Amelin and Ezekiel Kwaymullina, for 'Catching Teller Crow'.
Western Australian author Kim Scott, a dual Miles Franklin award winner, won the prize for Indigenous writing for his novel 'Taboo', which deals with a modern community coming to terms with the historical and cultural legacy of a massacre on Noongar country in southwest WA.
It is based on an experience in his own country at Ravensthorpe — halfway between Albany and Esperance.
"My ancestral country is regarded as taboo by many Aboriginal people because of the killing that happened there in the late 19th century," he said.
"I didn't even know about it until I was an adult, that nasty edge to our history … the emotional infrastructure of the times didn't enable or perhaps allow it."
Scott said the novel was for "a lot of us who have been damaged by colonization, and I would imagine that's non-Aboriginal people as well ... healing and strengthening our relationship to pre-colonial heritage.
"It's all about foundations and being grounded ... and finding a way for an emotional and spiritual infrastructure. Stories are really important for that but so are things like the Uluru statement. They help us figure out a way to deal with this stuff."