News ID: 240260
Published: 0105 GMT March 15, 2019

Millennia-old Gonbad-e Jabaliye still standing in Kerman

Millennia-old Gonbad-e Jabaliye still standing in Kerman

The magnificently ancient Gonbad-e Jabaliye (Jabaliye Dome), also known as Gabri Dome, is an extremely antiquated structure with very unique and bizarre features in the southeastern Iranian province of Kerman.

It has three stories, topped with a shallow dome, erected in an octagonal shape. A truly breathtaking site, its simplicity, yet sheer age, leaves its visitors trailing off to a time long past, wrote.

Having many influences from Sassanid architecture, Jabaliye Dome is not only regarded as one of the most beautiful places in Iran, but as one of the oldest.

Local scholars estimate the construction of Gonbad-e Jabaliye to the pre-Islamic Sassanid Era. They also speculate that its construction would have been completed during the Seljuq Dynasty.

Gonbad-e Jabaliye is thought to have been initially used as a Zoroastrian fire temple.

The geometry of Gonbad-e Jabaliye is octagonal. Other than its dome, it is made entirely of stones and features beautiful symmetrical designs on its façade.

Three meters up, on each of the eight faces, the Gonbad-e Jabaliye structure has a door and above it, an arched window. In recent years, all but one of the doors have been filled in to increase the building’s structural integrity and strength.

Its dome is made entirely of bricks. Although it looks quite raw on the outside, the interior of the dome is covered and decorated in plaster. The plasterwork on the interior, however, has broken off over time and damaged the area below.

An extremely fascinating and odd fact about Gonbad-e Jabaliye lies within its construction materials. Historians say that it has been documented that in its gypsum-mortar and binding materials, camel milk was used instead of water.

The outside is made from whole stones and mortar, while the inside is lined with limestone. Aside from the highly abnormal use of dairy products in its construction, there is another eye-catching feature that shouldn’t be overlooked.

The use of uncut rocks and stones to build the walls of Gonbad-e Jabaliye versus the more conventional brick is quite unusual. All said and done, it is believed that it’s the camel’s milk that has made Gonbad-e Jabaliye endure so long.

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