On Saturday, Egypt’s Court of Cassation upheld a verdict against the suspects after a criminal court in May last year found them guilty of conspiring to infiltrate state institutions with the aim of overthrowing President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's government.
The suspects had appealed the ruling by the criminal court but on Saturday the Court of Cassation rejected their appeal. The decision is final and cannot be appealed, Presstv Reported.
The Muslim Brotherhood was outlawed as a “terrorist organization” in late 2013 following the ouster of the country's first democratically elected president, Mohamed Morsi, through a military coup by Sisi, who was at the time Morsi’s defense minister.
The Brotherhood, which fully supported Morsi, protested against the coup, but the pro-Morsi protests were brutally crushed in the August 2013 Rabaa massacre in which more than 800 civilians were killed.
The court’s decision is said to be based on state security investigations which purportedly revealed that those convicted had attempted to revive the Brotherhood’s activities by recruiting new members to its armed wings, spread rumors and provided financial and logistical assistance to the banned movement, which is Egypt’s oldest opposition movement.
According to Egypt’s anti-terrorism law, anyone who is put on the terror list cannot leave the country and their assets are frozen.
Rights groups in Egypt and across the world have recorded cases of irregularities in the trials of political prisoners in the country. They say the army’s clampdown on the supporters of Morsi has led to the death of some 1,500 people and the arrest of 22,000 others, including 200 people who have been sentenced to death in mass trials.
The Brotherhood operated under strict measures during the rule of longtime dictator Hosni Mubarak, who was himself removed from power following an uprising in 2011.
Morsi had been sentenced to death on charges of corruption, escaping from prison and inciting violence before the Court of Cassation overturned that ruling in November 2017 and ordered a retrial.