0608 GMT May 27, 2019
For its industry and agriculture to survive and boom, Yazd in central Iran is required to meet the sectors’ water demand through resources from outside the province, such as the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman, said an Iranian lawmaker.
Seyyed Abolfazl Mousavi Bioki, an Iranian MP and Yazd’s representative in Parliament, told Iran Daily that to this end, construction of two pipelines are on the agenda: One to transfer water from the Persian Gulf to the province is called “Pipeline No. 3,” and another to supply water from the Sea of Oman is called “Pipeline No. 4”.
Construction of Pipeline No. 3 has already begun, he noted.
Mousavi Bioki said the project is underway by a domestic consortium comprising Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex (central Iranian province of Kerman), Golgohar Mining and Industrial Company (Kerman Province) and Chadormalu Mining and Industrial Company (Yazd).
This pipeline is estimated to be capable of transferring 350 million cubic meters of water per year, he said, adding that water transfer through the pipeline is planned to be done in two stages: In the first phase, 150 million cubic meters of water is expected to be extracted from the Persian Gulf, and in the second phase, 200 million cubic meters.
The MP noted that of this amount of water, 50 million cubic meters will be transferred to the southern Iranian province of Hormuzgan and 10 million cubic meters to other population centers along the route of the pipeline in the first phase.
“In fact, the precondition for granting the permit to extract water from the Persian Gulf was to transfer part of the water to Hormuzgan Province.”
He stressed that the machinery and equipment to desalinate water extracted from the Persian Gulf must be imported.
Commenting on Pipeline No. 4, Mousavi Bioki said it will transfer water from the Sea of Oman to central Iranian regions and is aimed at avoiding over extraction from the Persian Gulf due to its negative environmental consequences.
“We came to this conclusion that for the implementation of Yazd’s development vision, the Sea of Oman is the most sustainable water resource that can be counted on, as there are certain environmental considerations for unrestrained extractions from the Persian Gulf.”
He said that at present, the construction of Pipeline No. 3 is up to 50 percent complete, adding the project’s water desalination equipment and machinery are expected to be installed by late July.
Mousavi Bioki noted that the implementation of the project is estimated to cost $1.16 billion.
Turning to the construction of Pipeline No. 4, he said that at present, the feasibility studies of the project are being conducted.
“Based on preliminary studies, the project is expected to be completed by 2051.”
The pipeline is expected to pump 500 million cubic meters of water per year into Yazd Province, he noted.