1142 GMT December 07, 2019
The country’s National Mental Health Survey conducted by Nepal Health Research Council shows that adults are more prone to mental health problems, thehimalayantimes.com wrote.
According to the survey report, 3.4 percent of adults suffer from major depressive disorder, while 0.7 percent teenagers (13 to 17 years of age) have this disorder. The study shows that 0.6 percent adults have agoraphobia (fear of entering open places), 0.2 percent have social anxiety disorder and 3.4 percent have alcohol use disorder.
Likewise, 7.3 percent have substance use disorder, 1.1 percent have current psychotic disorder, 6.1 percent have dissociative conversion disorder and one per cent have epilepsy.
As per the report, 11.2 percent teenagers have one or the other forms of mental health problems.
Among them, 0.7 percent have major depressive disorder, 2.2 percent have agoraphobia, 0.4 percent have separation anxiety disorder, 0.4 percent have social phobia and 1.1 percent have obsessive compulsive disorder.
Similarly, 8.7 percent teenagers and 10.9 percent adults have suicidal tendency. Of the total mental health patients, only 21 percent visited hospitals in the last 12 months.
According to Chairperson of Nepal Health Research Council Anjani Kumar Jha, Nepalis are at increased risk of developing mental illness mainly due to factors such as low economic status, foreign employment, gender-based discrimination and high risk of natural disaster, among others.
“Mental health is still a neglected issue in Nepal,” he said, adding, “People suffering from mental disorders are often seen as threats to society leading to lack of treatment and stigmatization.”
According to multi-sectoral action plan for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (2014-2020), an estimated 18 percent of non-communicable disease burden is due to mental illness.