News ID: 254477
Published: 1017 GMT June 18, 2019

Astronomers spot new crater on Mars like nothing ever seen

Astronomers spot new crater on Mars like nothing ever seen

The planet Mars does not bruise easily, but when it does, the result is practically a work of art.

A fresh impact crater, spotted in April by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), is unlike anything astronomers have seen before, reported.

Remarkable for both its size and its impact waves, the black-and-blue mark stands out like a sore thumb on the planet's red, dusty surface.

The dramatic, enhanced-color scene shown in the picture was captured using NASA's High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera, orbiting 255 kilometers away (158 miles).

Each year Mars is bombarded by more than 200 asteroids and comets, and while some of these leave similar dark smudges or other remarkable features, University of Arizona planetary scientist Veronica Bray told that this new crater is one of the most impressive she's seen.

In the thirteen years that the MRO has been observing Mars, few events have compared. While the actual space rock fragment responsible looks to be about 1.5 meters wide (five feet), the crater itself is much larger, roughly 15 to 16 meters wide (49 feet to 53 feet).

Such a tiny culprit would have probably burned up or eroded in Earth's much thicker atmosphere. Even on Mars, these incoming rocks can often shatter upon entry, creating chains of craters — like a machine gun pummeling the surface of the planet.

In this case, however, the rock must have been more solid than usual, because the entire thing managed to slam into one spot in the Valles Marineris region, which sits near the Martian equator.

"What makes this stand out is the darker material exposed beneath the reddish dust," explained the announcement on the HiRISE website.

Indeed, the impact wave is clear to see. This is the dark zone in the very middle of the image, where dust has been pushed aside to reveal the rocky surface underneath.

The exact nature of the geography in this region is still uncertain, but Bray said the surface below is probably basalt. And the blue in the image, she added, is likely a bit of ice that was hiding under the dust as well.

While the precise timing of the strike is unknown, astronomers think it was probably made sometime between September 2016 and February 2019.




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