0518 GMT January 26, 2020
Hyrcanian Forest has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, announced the secretary general of the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO on Friday.
Hojatullah Ayoubi, participating in the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee held in Baku, Azerbaijan, congratulated people on the global registration of the forest which covers parts of five Iranian provinces, IRNA wrote.
He expressed gratitude to the artists who held an exhibition of the photos of Hyrcanian Forest at Tehran’s Niavaran Cultural Historical Complex on Oct. 22, 2018.
“UNESCO’s inspectors, who visited the exhibition organized by the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO, confirmed that the forest has attracted the world public attention,” the official said.
He urged all Iranian people to preserve the valuable heritage of the country.
Ayoubi said the Iranian National Commission for UNESCO and Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicraft and Tourism Organization will soon hold a ceremony to celebrate the inscription of Hyrcanian Forest on UNESCO’s List.
Hyrcanian forests form a unique forested massif that stretches 850 km along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea.
The history of these broad-leaved forests dates back 25 to 50 million years, when they covered most of this northern temperate region. These ancient forest areas retreated during the Quaternary glaciations and then expanded again as the climate became milder.
Their floristic biodiversity is remarkable: 44 percent of the vascular plants known in Iran are found in the Hyrcanian region, which only covers seven percent of the country. To date, 180 species of birds typical of broad-leaved temperate forests and 58 mammal species have been recorded, including the iconic Persian leopard (Panthera pardus tulliana).