1050 GMT October 22, 2019
The study examined household survey data for one million people living in 44 LMICs and found that less than half of those with high blood pressure are properly diagnosed. Among those with the condition, only 30 percent are treated and only 10 percent have the disease under control. These proportions, however, varied widely between countries, with some performing consistently better than others even after taking into account differences in economic development, medicalxpress.com wrote.
"Our study showed not only that care for hypertension in these countries is severely inadequate, but also where exactly patients in each country are being lost in the care process," said Pascal Geldsetzer, postdoctoral research fellow at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and first author of the study.
For the study, researchers used a cascade of care approach, which looked at the numbers of people with hypertension who had been screened, diagnosed, treated, and controlled, to determine how well the health systems of the various countries are treating people with hypertension.
The group carried out its research using household surveys, including the World Health Organization's STEPS survey, in order to have a uniform approach when obtaining data on established risk factors. Researchers first determined how many people suffered from high blood pressure. They also determined how many of these patients had ever had their blood pressure measured prior to the survey, as well as how many were diagnosed and were taking treatment. Finally, they analyzed how many patients successfully controlled the disease with medication.
"The low proportion of patients with high blood pressure getting the treatment they need, along with the growing number of patients with high blood pressure, suggested the very urgent need for population-level prevention, especially policies that get salt and trans fat out of the food supply, promote fruits and vegetables, reduce air pollution, and address excessive consumption of tobacco," said Lindsay Jaacks, assistant professor of global health at Harvard Chan School.