The punitive tariffs will range from 5 percent to 10 percent on 5,078 items from the US, China's state council tariff office announced on Friday, Presstv Reported.
Beijing also announced it will impose a 25 percent tariff on US autos and a five percent tariff on auto parts starting December 15.
China had lifted punitive tariffs on American cars and auto parts earlier this year as a goodwill measure while trade talks were underway.
The tariff hikes by the US "have led to the continuous escalation of China-US economic and trade frictions, violating the consensus reached by the two heads of state in Argentina and the consensus reached in Osaka," China's State Council Tariff Commission Office said in a statement.
US President Donald Trump has imposed steep tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese goods, with a further $300 billion in imports targeted for new duties in two more rounds, September 1 and December 15.