1209 GMT December 12, 2019
China, as a neighboring country, is among the most active participants. In 2012, a joint international archeological expedition of Chinese and Uzbek scientists started excavating the ancient settlement of Mingtepa, a "living fossil" of the Silk Road dating back to 2,000 years ago, in Uzbekistan's Andijan region in the southeast of the Ferghana Valley, globaltimes.cn reported.
Seen from the outside, the ruins of the Mingtepa city were surrounded by five-meter-high walls with gates, and on both sides of the gates were rectangular towers with loopholes, which, according to scientists, are typical of medieval Central Asian cities and the ancient Chinese capitals — Luoyang and Chang'an.
Scientists noted that the ancient city was equipped with multiple well-functioning city defense facilities, large-scale buildings and road systems, and there were also well-developed handicraft workshops as well as a cemetery outside the city.
"These important archeological findings will enable the international archeological community in Central Asia to renew their recognition of the Mingtepa Site and redefine its position in the history of the Ferghana Valley and of ancient Central Asia," said Zhu Yanshi, deputy director of the Institute of Archeology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS).
The joint archeological research team has unearthed from the ruins valuable materials, as well as information on the structure and fortification system of the ancient Mingtepa city, proving it the most fortified city of the Ferghana Valley in antiquity, archeologists say.
Speaking of the archeological achievements, Uzbek experts highly appreciated the contributions made by the Chinese side. They highlighted the use of a unique Chinese archeological tool, the "Luoyang shovel," as well as advanced methods of accurate measurements, computer mapping and data analysis.
"The archeological team for the first time discovered the remains under brown soil, which expanded the excavation scope of the site, and even led to the discovery of the outer city," said Bokijon Matbabaev, director of the Department of Archeological Research at the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan.
The existence of the outer city confirmed that Mingtepa was a big city with rich culture instead of a temporary fortress, making it the largest ancient city site in the Ferghana Valley.
According to Liu Tao, a researcher at the Institute of Archeology at the CASS, the successful joint work will provide new data and make a great contribution to the study of Mingtepa and to the preservation of Uzbekistan's cultural heritage.
"The arrival of Chinese experts has finally unveiled the mystery of this ancient city and made the entire Uzbek community aware of the importance of its protection," said 23-year-old Doniyor Sobirov, a student at the History Department at Andijan State University.
In 2016, a monument was erected at the entrance to the Mingtepa hillfort, a symbol of the friendship and cooperation between the archeologists of the two countries.
Alizhan Kurbanov, head of the Historical and Cultural Heritage Department of the Andijan region, said the results of the expeditions and the extracted material add new content to the history of the great Silk Road.
According to historical sources, the famous Chinese diplomat of the Han Dynasty, Zhang Qian, braved a world of uncertainties to open up a trade route now known as the Silk Road. Thanks to him, alfalfa seeds, walnuts and racehorses were brought to China, and in Central and West Asia they learned about many Chinese products, especially silk.