0221 GMT December 12, 2019
Netanyahu called US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s decision “historic” during a visit the day after the announcement to the Gush Etzion region. The UN and others condemned Pompeo’s statement.
Likud Kenesset member Sharren Haskel proposed the annexation bill weeks ago, but decided to fast-track it in light of the change in US policy, jpost.com reported.
“The bill has the prime minister’s full backing,” Haskel said.
In the days before the September 17 election, Netanyahu announced that if reelected, he would annex the Jordan Valley, and his cabinet voted to legalize the Mevo’ot Yeriho outpost in the Jordan Valley as a new settlement.
Haskel submitted a request to exempt her bill to annex the Jordan Valley from the mandatory six-week waiting period for any new legislation so that it can go to a vote in the plenum next week.
Netanyahu said the announcement was a very great day for Israel and “an achievement that will stand for generations. The Trump administration has corrected a historical injustice and lined up with truth and justice. I thank President [Donald] Trump and Secretary of State Pompeo.”
Netanyahu compared the policy decision with two other significant decisions Trump has taken on behalf of Israel: relocating the US Embassy to Al-Quds, and recognizing Israeli sovereignty over Syria’s Golan Heights.
Gush Etzion Regional Council head Shlomo Ne’eman told Netanyahu that the US declaration was a “great step forward” for the application of sovereignty on Judea and Samaria.
Breach of international law
The UN human rights office rejected the Trump administration’s new position.
“We continue to follow the longstanding position of the UN that Israeli settlements are in breach of international law,” UN human rights spokesman Rupert Colville told a news briefing. “A change in the policy position of one state does not modify existing international law nor its interpretation by the International Court of Justice and the Security Council.”
The International Court of Justice, in an advisory opinion issued in 2004, said that Israeli towns in the administered territories, including East Al-Quds, were established in breach of international law.
The Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 – which both the United States and Israel have ratified – establishes that an occupying power shall not transfer civilians into the territory it occupies, Colville said.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry condemned the change of policy in a statement on Tuesday, warning the move would escalate tensions in the region.
Moscow’s stance is that such settlements on Palestinian territory are illegal under international law, it said.
Already on Monday night, outgoing European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini shot back at the Trump administration, declaring that “all settlement activity is illegal under international law, and it erodes the viability of the two-state solution and the prospects for a lasting peace, as reaffirmed by UN Security Council Resolution 2334. The EU calls on Israel to end all settlement activity, in line with its obligations as an occupying power.”
The European Union and the United Nations have long held that all Israeli settlement activity is illegal. They have included in this all Israeli activity over the pre-1967 lines.
Reuters contributed to the story.