News ID: 261895
Published: 0256 GMT November 22, 2019

UN partners spotlight depths of danger in fishing industry

UN partners spotlight depths of danger in fishing industry

There is a clear link between the seedy underbelly of the seafood industry, and fishers’ safety, now ranked as the second deadliest profession in the world; and more must be done to ensure people dependent on this type of labor are working in safe conditions, UN partners said.

“Every hour fishers die doing their job — not just men, women too,” Maria Helena Samedo, chief for Climate and Natural Resources at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), explained at a major conference organized by the agency in Rome, coinciding with World Fisheries Day on November 21, reported.

“Human rights violations and unacceptable practices at different stages of the value chain are increasing in fisheries and aquaculture,” she added. 

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing leads to over-exploitation of fish stocks, already drained by pollution and climate impacts, and financially burdens honest fishers and the communities that depend on them, FAO and the International Labor Organization (ILO) said in a joint-statement at the conclusion of the International Symposium on Fisheries Sustainability.


A lucrative catch


Beyond injuring biodiversity and economies, IUU casts a dark shadow on already physically-taxing sea labor, with many IUU fishers engaging in transnational crimes, such as human and drug trafficking and piracy. 

Around the world, one in ten people depend on fishing to make a living and feed their families, and often, they are some of the poorest in society, according to FAO. 

An estimated 95 percent of those relying on the seafood business to provide for their families, live in Africa and Asia, often enduring gruesome working conditions. In 2019, fishing was ranked and the second most dangerous job in the world, just behind logging. 

Vulnerable youth and migrants often find casual jobs aboard vessels with working and living conditions well below acceptable standards.

Crewmembers are notoriously denied previously agreed wages, if they get paid at all, while some captains and boat owners ignore basic human rights, forcing fishers to endure extended periods at sea, under dangerous conditions.

Transnational fishing operations entangled with organized crimes pose additional challenges for law enforcement; with frequent border crossing, fishers reporting to criminal captains therefore have little or no protection, ILO reported.

FAO has been working alongside governmental and international partners to tackle the scourge of IUU, a lucrative industry valued at an estimated $10-23 billion every year.


Fishing for SDGs


Speaking at the symposium’s conclusion in Rome, Monsignor Bruno Marie Duffé, secretary of the Vatican’s Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development, noted that Pope Francis has spoken of the need for a more integral approach to ecology, and the Holy See has called for greater synergy between governments and maritime authorities to protect human rights in this sector.

FAO has developed a number of international instruments designed to promote dialogue and policy processes to achieve sustainable fisheries management, in line with UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 



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