0729 GMT April 08, 2020
Independence Day of Kazakhstan is the main national holiday in the Republic of Kazakhstan, celebrated annually on December 16.
Also, the country’s First President's Day is celebrated annually on December 1 as a public holiday, announced Askhat Orazbay, the Kazakh ambassador to Iran.
The official name of the holiday is the Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan and it marks the first presidential election held on 1 December 1991 after breakup of the Soviet Union.
Nursultan Nazarbayev was the leader of Kazakhstan since 1989, when he was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR. In 1990, Nazarbayev was named the first President of Kazakhstan by the Supreme Soviet.
Following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence, four days after Russia.
Nazarbayev was elected as the first President of Kazakhstan on December 1, 1991.
First President's Day has been a public holiday in Kazakhstan since 2011 when the Kazakh Senate issued a law introducing the new holiday to honor Nursultan Nazarbayev’s contribution to the development of Kazakhstan.