0459 GMT February 25, 2020
Last year, the country's flour exports rose to $1.05 billion from $1 billion in the previous year in terms of value, while exports dropped by around 50,000 tons to 3.3 million tons on a quantity-basis, Eren Günhan Ulusoy told Anadolu Agency.
The country is the largest flour exporter and the second-largest pasta exporter in the world, said Ulusoy, who is also the head of the Turkish Flour Industrialists' Federation (TFIF).
The price of flour per kilogram in exports reached $322 in 2019, from $304 in the previous year, he said.
While there was a decrease in flour exports to Iraq — from 1.62 million tons to 1.36 million tons year-on-year in 2019 — Yemen and Venezuela closed the deficit largely, he said.
In the last year, flour exports to Syria and Angola also dropped slightly, he noted. "If there were no losses in exports to Iraq, we would close the four million tons level," he said.
Bread's share in the consumption of flour products in European countries was 55 percent on average, while the ratio rose to 85 percent in Turkey, he said.
Ulusoy added: "Bread's share will decrease day by day and other flour product consumption will increase, thus flour producers will have to provide different products for the industry."
"Hereupon, the industrial production can create new opportunities for the flour products sector of the country, Turkey should focus on industrial production such as biscuits and frozen pizza dough," he said.
He also stressed that industrial production would also contribute to side industries such as packaging and logistics.
Turkey's flour and pasta exports will continue invariably, and industrial flour products exports can generate an additional income of $1 billion to the country, he underlined.
Touching on the country's wheat production, he said the production stood at 19 million tons last year due to climate conditions, and Turkey imported 8.8 million tons of wheat, of which 80-85 percent were used for exports.
His 50-year-old flour firm, Ulusoy Un, produces wheat flour at a daily capacity of 1,500 tons — a rate which is set to increase in the coming period.
About 75 percent of Ulusoy Un's income comes from exports to over 80 countries such as Africa and Far Asia.