0620 GMT August 20, 2019
"Our brains have an emotional-regulation network that exists to govern emotions and influence decision-making," explained the study's lead author, Sam Dewitt, according to lockerdome.com.
"Antisocial or risk-seeking behavior may be associated with an imbalance in this network."
The study looked at 36 adolescents ages 12-17; eighteen risk-taking teens were age- and gender-matched to a group of 18 non-risk-taking teens. Participants were screened for risk-taking behaviors, such as physical violence, and underwent functional MRI (fMRI) scans to examine communication between brain regions associated with the emotional-regulation network. Interestingly, the risk-taking group showed significantly lower income compared to the non-risk taking group.
The study, conducted by Francesca Filbey, Ph.D., director of Cognitive Neuroscience Research of Addictive Behaviors at the Center for Brain Health and her colleagues, shows that risk-taking teens exhibit hyperconnectivity between the amygdala, a center responsible for emotional reactivity, and specific areas of the prefrontal cortex associated with emotion regulation and critical thinking skills. The researchers also found increased activity between areas of the prefrontal cortex and the nucleus accumbens, a center for reward sensitivity that is often implicated in addiction research.
"Our findings are crucial in that they help identify potential brain biomarkers that, when taken into context with behavioral differences, may help identify which adolescents are at risk for dangerous and pathological behaviors in the future," Dewitt explained.