Iran's ancient village of Maymand, located around 900km south of the capital Tehran, is littered with troglodytic dwellings — cavernous, underground homes carved out of soft rock. Stone engravings found at the site are estimated to be more than 10,000 years old.
In the first part of Jonathan Swift’s book Gulliver’s Travels, Lemuel Gulliver washes ashore on the island country of Lilliput, where he encounters the Lilliputians, who stand barely taller than 15 centimeters.
Iranians have played Chogan (Polo) as an entertaining horseback game since almost 2,500 years ago. It’s an amazing game that has attracted the attention of people throughout history. Several well-known writers have created stories and poems about Chogan. Ferdowsi and Roudaki have mentioned this Iranian horseback game in their poems.
Fossils found in a quarry near Cardiff in South Wales have been identified by a student and her supervisors at the University of Bristol as a new small species of reptile that lived 205 million years ago.
A recent archeological dig in modern day southwest Nigeria has found that glass was locally produced in Sub-Saharan Africa as early as 1000 years ago —long before trading relations with Europe began in the 15th century.
People have been playing chess for centuries — but a new chess piece found in Norway further reveals the spread of the ancient game to the Nordic region, and provides some intriguing insights about the game's history.
For more than half a millennium, the Great Shangqing Palace was the primary place of worship for a popular Taoist sect in China. It was reportedly where several generations of Chinese emperors worshipped.