Pain and sleep are poor bedfellows. Among people with recurring pain from problems like back strain, arthritis, and diabetes, as many as two-thirds report having sleep problems, according to a National Sleep Foundation poll.
New research suggested that higher-level brain functions have a major role in losing weight. In a study among 24 participants at a weight-loss clinic, those who achieved greatest success in terms of weight loss demonstrated more activity in the brain regions of the lateral prefrontal cortex associated with self-control. The results of the study were published in Cell Metabolism.
In the brain, as in business, connections are everything. To maintain cellular associates, the outer surface of a neuron, its membrane, must express particular proteins —proverbial hands that reach out and greet nearby cells.
In an international collaboration between MedUni Vienna, Semmelweis University in Budapest, the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and Yale University, researchers have identified a new process in the brain that is responsible for the delayed stress response and the long-term effects of stress: With a delay of 10 minutes after the ‘danger’, the area of the brain that reacts to stress and responsible for further action is activated via the cerebral fluid.
By developing a novel decoding technology, a team of engineers and physicians at the University of Southern California (USC) and UC San Francisco have discovered how mood variations can be decoded from neural signals in the human brain--a process that has not been demonstrated to date.
Researchers from the University of California San Diego have developed a fast and low-cost method of creating human cortical organoids directly from primary cells. This new protocol will allow the researchers to better understand how our own brains work.