Weight gain occurs when an individual's energy intake exceeds their energy expenditure — in other words, when calories in exceed calories out. What is less well understood is the fact that, on average, nearly half of the body's energy is used by the brain during early childhood.
Pain and sleep are poor bedfellows. Among people with recurring pain from problems like back strain, arthritis, and diabetes, as many as two-thirds report having sleep problems, according to a National Sleep Foundation poll.
New research suggested that higher-level brain functions have a major role in losing weight. In a study among 24 participants at a weight-loss clinic, those who achieved greatest success in terms of weight loss demonstrated more activity in the brain regions of the lateral prefrontal cortex associated with self-control. The results of the study were published in Cell Metabolism.
In the brain, as in business, connections are everything. To maintain cellular associates, the outer surface of a neuron, its membrane, must express particular proteins —proverbial hands that reach out and greet nearby cells.