They recount tales of Viking raids, Norse history, kings and gods: A priceless collection of medieval manuscripts, bequeathed by an Icelandic scholar to the University of Copenhagen in the 18th century that Iceland now wants back.
The Istanbul Research Institute’s new exhibition ‘Memories of Humankind: Stories from the Ottoman Manuscripts,’ brings up the Ottoman manuscript culture which gradually lost its importance as the printing press became widespread in the 19th century.
A team of researchers at the University of Glasgow developed a mass spectrometry technique to identify forged manuscripts. In their paper published in the journal 'Scientific Reports', the group describes their technique and how well it worked when testing known forged Robert Burns manuscripts.
Centuries ago medieval monks typically used iron gall ink to copy texts onto parchments made from sheepskin or cowhide. Unfortunately these documents grew harder and harder to read over time, in part because the ink would fade from a dark black to a light brown; the parchment slowly darkened as well. The contrast that was once stark slowly grew distorted, often rendering the texts illegible.